Nandi County is located in the Rift Valley. It covers an area of 2,884.2.2 sq km with temperatures ranging from 15°C to 26°C and rainfall of between 1,200mm and 2,000mm per annum and a population of 752,965. The administrative headquarters is Kapsabet Town. Nandi County borders Uasin Gishu to the North and East, Kericho to the South East, Kisumu to the South, Vihiga to the South West, and Kakamega counties to the West.
The county's major area is covered by the Nandi Hills. Although there are number of tribal communities in Nandi, the majority of the people belong to the native tribe called Nandi. Geographically, it stretches from the low-lying soil to the south through the lush green highlands of Kapng’etuny (Nandi Hills) to the stretch of endless plateau in Mosop to the North. The landmass seems to rise laboriously from the tip of Kapseng’ere to the west through the pristine forested midlands of Chesumei through Kapsabet to the elevated ridge of Ol’Lessos to the forests of North Tindiret. In between lie the tea estates and a whisper of wattle plantations.
Nandi county is most notable for the scenic Nandi Hills that dominate the topography of the county. This area is known for its tea estates that do well because of the rich volcanic soils, the cool and wet climate that the area experiences and the high altitude at which the area is located.
Nandi County constitutes 5 constituencies (Aldai,Nandi Hills, Chesumei, Emgwen and Mosop).
Agriculture is the main economic activity in the area with many households earning a living from this sector. Animal rearing is also practiced with most households opting to keep cattle for both the production of beef and dairy products.
Various events such as safari rally competitions, prestigious golf tournaments and cross country running competitions regularly bring a number of visitors to the region among them international athletes and sporting enthusiasts. The region also hosts both Kenyan and foreign athletes and cyclists who come to the region to do high altitude training. There is great potential to develop sports tourism in this area which would see the area earn a larger amount of foreign exchange.
The county has been put on the world map by its world class athletes that have brought Kenya great fame in international athletics fetes. World records have been broken and set by this county’s elite team of athletes and further funding aimed at developing athletics training centres could see these athletes go on to dominate the world running stage.
Nandi is home to some potential tourist sites (from the eye-catching water-falls at Mulangu to the North to the caves in Keben to the East), holds the religious headquarters of the Nandi at Kapng’etuny (Nandi Hills Town) which is home to Koitalel Samoei Museum, the traditional suicide cliffs (Sheu) at Kibolewo near Kaprochoke and Moropi in Kapsimotwo.