Lamu County is located in the northern coast of Kenya. It covers an area of 6,273.1 sq km with average temperature of 27.3 °C and rainfall averages 950mm per annum. The county has 1 local authority (County Council of Lamu) Lamu Town is the administrative capital. Lamu county headquarters is Lamu town. The county covers a strip of northeastern coastal mainland and the Lamu Archipelago. Lamu County has only one local authority, Lamu county council. The county has two constituencies: Lamu West and Lamu East. Lamu County consist of a north eastern mainland and the Lamu Archipelago. The Archipelago comprise of Pate Island, Manda Island, Lamu Island, Kiwayu, which lies in the Kiunga Marine National Reserve, and Manda Toto. The County borders Garissa to the North, the Indian Ocean to the South and South East, and Tana River to the South West and West.
Lamu County is estimated to have a population of about 101,539 (2009 census)
Lamu town, the capital of Lamu County is a world heritage site for it’s ancient architecture and buildings as well as many archaeological and historical sites. Lamu is known for its rich cultural heritage that see pilgrims and tourists go to celebrate festivals every year. Lamu County boasts rich Swahili architecture which has brought the world to its doorstep and is among the regions star attractions. It’s preservation has been taken a notch higher by the United Nations decision to declare the region a World Heritage Site.
The region’s waterfront is a busy port with dhows featuring prominently among the regions preferred transport mechanisms. The age of the regions architecture has left a heritage of donkey back riding as the region’s main land transport system. This is so because of the narrowness of the streets. The architecture is renowned for its stone walling and its delicate doors. The elaborate carvings are a symbol of the town’s rich Arabian and Muslim heritage. Important tourist sites and sites of historical importance in the region include museums, mosques, sanctuaries and a Fort.
A mangrove forest also helps in keeping the area biologically diverse. Its location next to the ocean has also ensured that biological diversity is composed of both flora and fauna since the regions coastline is populated by an enormous swarm of marine creatures.
The anticipated development of Lamu Port has placed the county into focus by investors prospecting for business opportunies. The new Lamu Port will consist of 750 acres with 10 container terminal berths and three bulk cargo berths, an oil jetty and an international airport.
Other components of the project will be three-lined, 1.4m gauge railway for high speed trains for Lamu – Isiolo-South Sudan (1,400km), Nairobi-Isiolo-Moyale-Addis Ababa (1,596km) and Lamu – Mombasa (350km). Also, proposed are three oil pipeline stretches South Sudan border-Lamu-Isiolo (1,500km); Nairobi-Isiolo-Moyale-Addis Ababa (1,400km) a branch link to Lamu to the current Mombasa-Kampala pipeline. There are complimentary three highway stretches: Lamu-Isiolo-South Sudan border (1400km); Nairobi-Addis Ababa (1596km) and Lamu-Mombasa (320km).